A recording studio is a provision for sound recording and mixing. Ideally, the space is specially planned by an acoustician to get the desired acoustic properties. Different types of studios record bands and artists, voiceovers and music for television shows, movies, animations, and commercials, and/or even record a complete orchestra. The typical recording studio is made up of a area named the studio, where instrumentalists and vocalists perform; and the control room, which houses the equipment for recording, routing and changing the sound. Often, there will be smaller rooms called isolation boxes present to accommodate loud instruments such as drums or electric guitar, to keep these sounds from being audible to the microphones that are capturing the sounds from other musical instruments or vocalists.
Recording studios generally consist of three rooms: the studio itself, where the sound for the recording is made, the control room, where the sound from the studio is recorded and manipulated, and the machine room, where noisier equipment that may interfere with the recording process is kept. Recording studios are carefully designed around the philosophy of room acoustics to create a set of spaces with the acoustical properties required for recording sound with precision and exactness. This will consist of both room treatment (through the use of absorption and dispersal materials on the surfaces of the room, and also consideration of the physical dimensions of the room itself in order to make the room react to sound in a desired way) and soundproofing (to give sonic isolation between the rooms). A recording studio may include additional rooms, such as a vocal boxes – a small room designed for voice recording, as well as one or more extra control rooms.
Equipment found in a recording studio commonly includes:
Mixing console, multitrack recorder, microphones,reference monitors,keyboards
Equipment may include:
Digital audio workstation, music workstation, on air / recording light, outboard effects, such as compressors, reverbs, or equalizers
All purpose computers have speedily assumed a significant function in the recording development, being able to replace the mixing consoles, recorders, synthesizers, samplers and sound effects devices. A computer thus outfitted is called a Digital Audio Workstation, or DAW. Popular audio-recording software includes FL Studio, Digidesign’s Pro Tools-the industry standard for a large amount studios. Cubase and Nuendo both, MOTU Digital Performer-the standard for MIDI.
Todays software applications are more reliant on the audio recording hardware than the computer they are running on, therefore typical high-end computer hardware is less of a priority.
A small, personal recording studio is sometimes called a project studio or home studio. Such studios often cater to tailored needs of an individual artist, or are used as a non-commercial hobby. The first modern project studios came into being during the mid 80’s, with the advent of affordable multitrack recorders, synthesizers and microphones. The phenomenon has flourished with declining prices of MIDI equipment and accessories, as well as reasonably priced digital hard-disk recording products.
Recording drums and electric guitar in a home studio is difficult, because they are usually the loudest instruments. Conventional drums require sound isolation in this scenario, unlike electronic or sampled drums. Getting a genuine electric guitar amp sound including power-tube distortion requires a power attenuator (either power-soak or power-supply based) or an isolation box. A convenient compromise is amp simulation, whether a modelling amp, preamp/processor, or software-based guitar amp simulator. Sometimes, musicians replace loud, inconvenient instruments such as drums, with keyboards, which today often provide somewhat realistic sampling.
An isolation box is a normal small room in a recording studio, which is both soundproofed to keep out external sounds and keep in the internal sounds and like all the other recording rooms in the sound industry it is designed for having a lesser amount of diffused reflections from walls to make a nice sounding room. A drummer, vocalist, or guitar speaker cabinet, along with microphones, is acoustically isolated in the room. A professional recording studio has a control room, a large live room, and one or more small isolation boxes. All rooms are soundproofed such as with double-layer walls with dead space and insulation in-between the two walls, forming a room-within-a-room.
There are variations on a theme, including a portable standalone isolation box, a compact guitar speaker isolation cabinet, or a bigger guitar speaker cabinet isolation box.
A gobo panel does the same idea to a large amount; for example, a drum kit that is too loud in the live room or on stage can have acrylic glass see-through gobo panels placed about it to deflect the sound and keep it from bleeding into the other microphones, allowing more independent control of each instrument channel at the mixing board.
All rooms in a recording studio may have a reconfigurable combination of reflective and non-reflective surfaces, to control the amount of reverberation.